The DHAI Seminar


When Digital Humanities Meet Artificial Intelligence

Welcome to the Digital Humanities / Artificial Intelligence Seminar!

Goal

Fostered by the creation of new algorithms, computation power and the development of deep learning techniques, Artificial Intelligence needs constantly to confront new issues and data sets in order to deepen its methodologies and increase its range of scientific applications. Digital humanities, developing digital science methodologies in the study of humanities and using the critical approaches of humanities in the analysis of the contemporary “digital revolutions”, are constantly in search of new tools to explore more and more complex and diversified data sets.

The coupling AI/DH is globally emerging as one key interface for both domains and will probably prove to be a deep transformative trend in tomorrow intellectual world.

The ambition of this seminar is to be one of the places where this coupling is shaped, fostered and analyzed. It intends to offer a forum where both communities, understood in a very inclusive way, exchange around emerging issues, ongoing projects, and past experiences in order to build a common language, a shared space, and to encourage innovative cooperation on the long run.

Past seminars

You can access here the list of past seminars.

Next seminars

January 6, 2020, 12h-13h, room Salle des actes, ENS, 45 rue d’Ulm.
Jean-Baptiste Camps (ENC)
Title: Philology, old texts and machine learning
Abstract: Phrase de présentation: I will give an introduction to machine learning techniques applied to old documents (manuscripts) and texts, ranging from text acquisition (e.g. handwritten text recognition) to computational data analysis (e.g. authorship attribution).

January 6, 2020, 13h-14h, room Salle des actes, ENS, 45 rue d’Ulm.
Alexandre Guilbaud and Stavros Lazaris (Université Pierre et Marie Curie / CNRS)
Title: La circulation de l’illustration scientifique au Moyen-Âge et à l’époque moderne
Abstract: Nous vivons entourés d’images. Elles nous portent, nous charment ou nous déçoivent et cela était également le cas, à des degrés différents bien entendu, pour l’homme durant le Moyen Age et l’époque moderne. Comment les images ont-elles façonné sa pensée dans le domaine des sciences et dans quelles mesures en sont-elles représentatives ? Quelle était la nature des illustrations scientifiques et comment les acteurs de ces époques les ont-t-il mises au point et utilisées ? Les périodes médiévale et moderne sont particulièrement propices pour mener une recherche sur la constitution d’une pensée visuelle liée aux savoirs scientifiques. Cet exposé sera l'occasion de présenter un projet de recherche en Humanités numériques visant à contribuer à cette problématique en examinant de quelle façon les développements actuels dans les domaines de l’IA et de la vision artificielle permettent d’envisager des approches nouvelles pour l’analyse historique de la circulation de l’illustration scientifique au cours de ces deux périodes. Nous présenterons à cette occasion les corpus sélectionnés pour cette étude (les manuscrits contenant le Physiologus et le De Materia medica de Dioscoride pour le Moyen Age ; les planches d’histoire naturelle et sciences mathématiques dans le corpus des dictionnaires et encyclopédies au XVIIIe siècle) et montrerons, sur des exemples, comment les modes de circulation qui sont à l’œuvre dans ces corpus appellent notamment le développement de nouvelles techniques, basées sur la reconnaissance des formes et la mise en relation entre textes et images.

February 3, 2020, 12h-14h, room Salle des actes, ENS, 45 rue d’Ulm.
Emmanuelle Bermès and Jean-Philippe Moreux (BnF)
Title: From experimentation to community building: AI at the BnF
Abstract: Artificial intelligence has been present at the BnF for more than 10 years, at least in its 'machine learning' version, through R&D projects conducted with the image and document analysis community. But we can imagine that the rise and fall of expert systems at the beginning of the 1990s will also have questioned the BnF, as our American colleagues did: 'Artificial Intelligence and Expert Systems: Will They Change the Library?' (Linda C. Smith, F. W. Lancaster, University of Illinois, 1992).
Today, the democratization of deep learning promotes the ability to experiment and carry out in virtual autonomy, but also and above all makes possible interdisciplinary projects where expertise on content, data and processing is required. This conference will be an opportunity to present the results of such a project, dedicated to the visual indexing of Gallica's iconographic content, to share our feedback and to consider a common dynamic driven by the needs and achievements of the field of digital humanities practice.
The presentation will place these experiments in the BnF's overall strategy for services to the researchers, but will also broaden the scope by addressing the overall positioning of libraries with regard to AI.

March 2, 2020, 12h-14h, room Amphithéâtre Galois, ENS, 45 rue d’Ulm.
Matteo Valleriani (Technische Universität, Berlin)
Title: The Sphere. Knowledge System Evolution and the Shared Scientific Identity of Europe
Abstract: On the basis of the corpus of all early modern printed editions of commentaries on the Sphere of Sacrobosco, the lecture shows how to reconstruct the transformation process—and its mechanisms—undergone by the treatise, and so to explore the evolutionary path, between the fifteenth and the seventeenth centuries, of the scientific system pivoted around cosmological knowledge: the shared scientific identity of Europe. The sources are analyzed on three levels: text, images, and tables. From a methodological point of view the lecture will also show how data are extracted by means of machine learning and analyzed by means of an approach derived from the physics of the complex systems and network theory.

March 30, 2020, 12h-14h, room Salle des actes, ENS, 45 rue d’Ulm.
to be determiner (?)
Title: To be determined
Abstract: .

May 4, 2020, 12h-14h, room Salle des actes, ENS, 45 rue d’Ulm.
Sietske Fransen & Leonardo Impett (Max-Planck-Institut für Kunstgeschichte)
Title: To be determined
Abstract: .

June 8, 2020, 12h-14h, room Salle des Actes, ENS, 45 rue d’Ulm.
Antonio Casilli (Paris School of Telecommunications (Telecom Paris))
Title: To be determined
Abstract: .

Scientific Committee

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